2

Recent advances in heteromorph ammonoid palaeobiology

Heteromorphs are ammonoids forming a conch with detached whorls (open coiling) or non-planispiral coiling. Such aberrant forms appeared convergently four times within this extinct group of cephalopods. Since Wiedmann's seminal paper in this journal, …

Large isotopic variability at the micron-scale in ‘Shuram’ excursion carbonates from South Australia

Ediacaran-aged (635–541 million years ago) marine sediments contain a large negative carbon isotope (δ13C) excursion, in which carbonate δ13C values reach −12‰ (VPDB). Known as the ‘Shuram’ excursion, many workers have interpreted this δ13C record as …

Modeling Dragons: Using linked mechanistic physiological and microclimate models to explore environmental, physiological, and morphological constraints on the early evolution of dinosaurs

We employed the widely-tested biophysiological modeling software, Niche Mapper™ to investigate the metabolic function of the Late Triassic dinosaurs Plateosaurus and Coelophysis during global greenhouse conditions. We tested a variety of assumptions …

Calcium isotope evidence for environmental variability before and across the Cretaceous – Paleogene mass extinction

Carbon dioxide release during Deccan Traps volcanism and the Chicxulub impact likely contributed to the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-Pg) mass extinction; however, the intensity and duration of CO2 input differed between the two events. Large and rapid …

Refining the interpretation of oxygen isotope variability in free-swimming organisms

Serially sampled oxygen isotope ratios (δ18O) from fossil and modern cephalopods may provide new insight into the behavior and longevity of individuals. Interpretation of these data is generally more difficult than similar data from bivalves or …

Ion microprobe–measured stable isotope evidence for ammonite habitat and life mode during early ontogeny

Making maps on a micrometer scale

Evidence for a composite organic–inorganic fabric of belemnite rostra: Implications for palaeoceanography and palaeoecology

Carbonate skeletons of fossil marine organisms are widely used to reconstruct palaeoceanographic parameters. Specifically, the geochemistry of Jurassic and Cretaceous belemnite rostra is traditionally interpreted to represent near sea-surface …

Oxygen isotope variability within Nautilus shell growth bands

Nautilus is often used as an analogue for the ecology and behavior of extinct externally shelled cephalopods. Nautilus shell grows quickly, has internal growth banding, and is widely believed to precipitate aragonite in oxygen isotope equilibrium …